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India now has a population of 1.21 billion according to the latest Census figures released by the Home Secretary and the Registrar General of India on March 31. This is an increase of 181 million people since the last Census – nearly equivalent to the population of Brazil.
India’s population is now bigger than the combined population of USA, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan and Bangladesh, says the Census report. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state and the combined population of UP and Maharashtra is bigger than USA.
Of the total population, 623.7 million are males and 586.5 million are females.
However, the population grew at a rate of 17.64 percent which is the sharpest reduction in growth rate ever.
While Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Puducherry has the highest population growth rate of about 55 percent, Nagaland has the lowest.
The density of population is highest in Delhi, followed by Chandigarh.
The 2011 Census report also shows that India now has a child sex ratio of 914 female against 1,000 male – the lowest since Independence.
This is the 15th Census conducted since 1872. It was carried out in two phases, covering 640 districts and 5924 sub-districts. The cost of the counting exercise is 22,000 million.
In this rather predictable story of higher than expected population growth in Eastern and Central India, the Northern region shows a different picture. Uttar Pradesh actually shows a provisional population number which is 1.2 million below the projection. The numbers for Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh and Delhi are about two million below projection and the discrepancy in Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh is below the national average.
In the Western region, the big difference is in Gujarat, where the provisional numbers are 1.4 million (i.e. 2.3 per cent) higher than the projections, while Maharashtra and Goa are actually below the projection. The big surprise is in the Southern region, where we thought the demographic transition was well under way. Tamil Nadu’s provisional population numbers are 4.7 million (i.e. 7 per cent) higher and Karnataka’s 1.7 million (i.e. 2.9 per cent) higher than the 2006 projection. However, Kerala shows a negative discrepancy of 1.2 million (i.e. 3.4 per cent) relative to the 2006 expectation and Andhra Pradesh is more or less spot on the projection.
We, of course, have to wait for the detailed results to see whether this is due to a slower than expected change in the vital rates or changes in migration patterns that were not anticipated in 2006. But a tentative conclusion from the numbers is that the demographic transition in the East is delayed by a few years and it will come more slowly in the South than what was anticipated. However, the story for the North and the West (with the exception of Gujarat) could well be different and more promising.
Interesting Facts :
* The population of India has increased by more than 181 million during the decade 2001-2011.
* The population of India, at 1210.2 million, is almost equal to the combined population of U.S.A., Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan put together (1214.3 million)!
* Uttar Pradesh (200 million) is the most populous State in the country -it is more than the population of Brazil.
* Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra (312 million), is greater than the population of USA.
* Literacy rate has gone up from 64.83 per cent in 2001 to 74.04 per cent in 2011 showing an increase of 9.21 percentage points.
* The literacy rate for males and females works out to 82.14 per cent and 65.46 per cent respectively. The increase in literacy rate in males and females during 2001-2011 is in the order of 6.88 and 11.79 percentage points respectively.
* It is encouraging to note that out of total of 217,700,941 literates added during the decade, female 110,069,001 outnumber male 107,631,940
* Ten States and Union Territories viz., Kerala, Lakshadweep, Mizoram, Tripura, Goa, Daman & Diu, Puducherry, Chandigarh, NCT of Delhi and Andaman & Nicobar Islands have achieved literacy rate of above 85 per cent, the target set by the Planning Commission to be achieved by 2011- 2012.
* The Final Population is likely to be released next year
Some Facts about Census 2011 :
* Total Cost – Rs. 22000 Mn
* Cost per person – Rs. 18.19
* No. of Census Functionaries – 2.7 Mn
* No. of Languages in which Schedules were canvassed – 16
* No. of Languages in which Training Manuals prepared – 18
* No. of Schedules Printed – 340 Mn
* No. of Training Manuals Printed – 5.4 Mn
* Paper Utilized – 8,000 MTs
* Material Moved – 10,500 MTs
FIGURES AT A GLANCE – INDIA
|DECADAL POPULATION GROWTH 2001-2011|
|DENSITY OF POPULATION|
(per sq. km.)
(females per 1000 males)
THE AGE GROUP 0-6
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