Oct. 1: China’s lunar probe Chang’e–2 is successfully launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in Sichuan province.
Oct. 3: Brazilians cast ballots in presidential polls.
Oct. 4: Dr. Robert G. Edwards, British scientist and IVF pioneer, who created Louise Brown the world’s first test tube baby in 1978 is awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize for Medicine.
Oct. 5: Andre Geim of the Netherlands and Russian–British national Konstantin Novoselov are jointly awarded the Nobel Physics Prize for their works on graphene, the world’s thinnest and strongest nanomaterial.
Life term for Faisal Shahzad, the Pakistan-born U.S. citizen, charged with the May 1 Times Square bomb plot.
Oct. 6: Richard F. Heck of the U.S. and Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki of Japan are chosen for the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the development of “palladium–catalysed cross-coupling”.
Oct. 7: Mario Vargas Llosa, celebrated Peruvian–Spanish author is chosen for the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Oct. 8: Jailed Chinese political activist, Liu Xiaobo is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
Oct. 10: Kyrgyzstan voters cast ballots in landmark parliamentary polls.
Parade in Hanoi to mark millennium of the Vietnamese capital.
Oct. 11: Peter Diamond and Dale Mortensen of the U.S. and British Cypriot Christopher Pissarides win the Economics Nobel for their work on explaining demand–supply gap in the labour market and elsewhere.
Oct. 12: India is elected a nonpermanent member of the United Nations Security Council.
British writer and journalist Howard Jacobson’s novel The Finkler Question bags the Man Booker Prize 2010.
Oct. 13: Thirtythree miners trapped since August 5 in the collapsed San Jose mine in Chile’s Atacama desert are pulled out safely using the “Phoenix” rescue capsule.
Oct. 15: Israel’s government ends an unofficial freeze on new building in east Jerusalem.
Oct. 19: Author J.K. Rowling is presented the first Hans Christian Andersen Literature Prize.
Oct. 21: Three senior peers, including Labour’s Lord Swraj Paul, are suspended from the British House of Lords over their expenses claims.
Oct. 22: The French Upper House passes the law raising the retirement age from 60 to 62 amid nationwide strikes and protests.
“In the largest classified military leak in history” , WikiLeaks releases 400,000 secret American documents on the Iraq war.
Oct. 23: Legendary Everest climber Chhewang Nima Sherpa (43), is feared killed after being swept away by an avalanche while fixing ropes for a climbing group on the 7,129 metre Mt. Baruntse.
Oct. 25: At least 413 people are killed in a tsunami triggered by a 7.7 magnitude temblor in Indonesia.
Oct. 26: China unveils the world’s fastest bullet train linking Shanghai and Hangzhou, which will run at 350 km per hour.
The Iraq High Tribunal sentences to death former Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz. Paul, the octopus, who fascinated football fans with its predictions during this year’s World Cup dies in an aquarium in the German city of Oberhausen.
At least 30 people are killed after Indonesia’s most volatile volcano Mount Merapi erupts.
Oct. 27: France’s Parliament grants final approval to a bill raising the retirement age from 60 to 62.
The former Argentine President Nestor Kirchner (60), dies in Buenos Aires after suffering from severe heart trouble.
India signs the convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage at the IAEA headquarters in Vienna.
Oct. 30: Alexandria Mills from the U.S. is crowned Miss World 2010 at a glittering ceremony in Sanya, China.
Oct. 31: Brazilians vote in presidential run-off.
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